April 1, 1983
Good Friday Morning Service at First Covenant Church
"YOU WHO WOULD DESTROY THE TEMPLE AND BUILD IT IN THREE DAYS"
And those who passed by derided him, wagging their heads, and saying, "You who
would destroy the temple and build it in three days, save yourself! If you are the Son
of God, come down from the cross."
"You who would destroy the temple and build it in three days, save yourself." The fact
that a mere passerby could say such a thing shows how widely the notion had spread
that Jesus had said, "I will destroy the temple and build it in three days." Evidently, if
you had asked an average citizen in Jerusalem, "Who is this Jesus?" he might have
said, "O, he's the one who intends to destroy the temple and build it again in three
days." People always seem to be remembered for the outlandish and incredible things
they say -- especially if politically or religiously radical. And destroying the temple in
Jerusalem was about as radical as you could get.
But did Jesus really say he would destroy the temple and build it again in three days?
On Thursday night of Holy Week Jesus was arrested about midnight in the garden of
Gethsemane and taken to the house of Caiaphas, the high priest, for a preliminary
hearing. Mark 14:56-59 goes like this: "For many bore false witness against him and
their witness did not agree. And some stood up and bore false witness against him,
saying, 'We heard him say, "I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and in
three days I will build another, not made with hands."' Yet not even so did their
testimony agree." Mark tells us that the witnesses against Jesus got their stories
crossed and contradicted each other. Part of their false testing was that Jesus had said,
"I will destroy this temple." They couldn't make it stick.
But why did people all over Jerusalem think Jesus said that, if in fact he didn't?
He must have said something to start this rumor. Yes, he did. One time that we know of
he had said something like this, but the people had gotten the meaning (and the
wording) all wrong. According to John 2, Jesus entered the temple, found it full of
commerce, made a whip and drove out the money changers. "The Jews then said to
him, 'What sign have you to show us for doing this?' Jesus answered them, 'Destroy this
temple and in three days I will raise it up.' The Jews then said, 'It has taken 46 years to
build this temple and will you raise it up in three days?' But he spoke of the temple of
So Jesus had said something about destroying the temple and building it again in three
days. But from the one record we have of his own wording he did not say he would
destroy the temple, but only that he would raise it up in three days. His words were,
"Destroy this temple (you destroy this temple) and I will raise it in three days." That's
why the false witnesses at his hearing could not ruin him. He had not said he wanted to
destroy any temple. He had said others would destroy it and he would build it again in
The reason Jesus said this was because the Jews demanded a sign to prove his right to
take such authority in the temple when he drove out the money changers. "What sign
have you to show us for doing this?" And Jesus' answer is: "When you destroy this
temple I will build it again in three days." This is essentially the same answer he gave to
the scribes and Pharisees in Matthew 12:38,39. It says, "Some of the scribes and
Pharisees said to him, 'Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.' But he answered
them, 'An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign; but no sign shall be given to it
except the sign of Jonah." The sign of Jonah's coming out alive after three days in the
fish and the sign of Jesus rebuilding the temple in three days are the same -- they both
refer to the resurrection of Jesus. Both these sayings prove that Jesus did predict his
death and resurrection. The early church did not make up such difficult sayings and put
them in Jesus' mouth in order to support their hoax. All Jerusalem knew Jesus had said
something about rebuilding the temple in three days. There is no escape: Jesus foresaw
and predicted not only his death (which an ordinary person could do) but also his
resurrection (which no ordinary person could do).
It is a supreme irony then, that the people at the cross should look on the dying Savior
and mock him with their own misunderstanding of this saying. For them it was a boastful
claim to earthly power. So they said: If you have such power save yourself. But for Jesus
it was a loving statement of his intention to accept the cross but then to overcome it with
When they cry, "Save yourself, if you have enough power to build this temple in three
days!" Jesus could have said, "I will -- in three days, after I have lost myself for your
sake." Isn't this what makes us love Jesus? The immense power at his disposal, like an
atom bomb casually carried in his back pocket, but not used on his enemies until he
has given all that holy love can give.
There are lessons here for us:
1) One is a warning against misusing a saying from Scripture as a threat against God.
Have you ever taken a verse and waved it in God's face and said: "O.K. , if this is true
why don't you come down here and get me out of this mess?" That kind of attitude puts
us right in company with the passersby. And probably we have misunderstood the verse
like they misunderstood Jesus' saying.
2) One other lesson is the lesson of patience and of accepting injustice against
ourselves. Jesus was misunderstood as much as we will ever be. He was treated
unjustly as much as we will ever be. His own wonderful words of love were turned into
blasphemous mockery just like many of your good intentions are twisted against you.
And what did he do? He absorbed it. He had an astonishing capacity of receiving blows
and not returning them. And so Peter says he left us an example to follow -- but more. In
dying for our sins he also purchased for us the power to follow his example.
Let's be like Jesus, not like the passerby.
Copyright John Piper