Dr. John Piper
Desiring God
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John Piper
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    January 3, 1982 (Morning)
    Bethlehem Baptist Church
    John Piper, Pastor


    (Matthew 9:35-38)

    The question that returned to me in prayer again and again as 1981 passed away was:
Might 1982 be the beginning of harvest time at Bethlehem Baptist Church? Might this year be
the God-appointed time for a movement of the Spirit which would cause a great earnestness
to spread through the church, convicting of sin, captivating our desires, and empowering us for
fruitful witness? Might this be the year in which God grants us to see many people converted
to obedient faith in Jesus Christ?

    God forbid that I should be ungrateful and minimize the mercies of 1981. They are not
insignificant. God was pleased in 1981 to bring to our ministerial staff Glenn Ogren, Bruce
Leafblad, Gregg Heinsch, and Cory Dahl. Our giving surpassed the income of 1980 by about
14% and was well over budget. Beyond that the Lord put it in your heart to give $58,000 above
budget to Project '84, 37.5% of which has been sent to our Conference mission projects
(Decade Growth Fund). In March, we went to two Sunday morning services. In July, we sent
15 people to our B.G.C. annual meeting in Omaha instead of two as in the year before. We
had the largest delegation at the Minnesota Baptist Conference annual meeting in Rochester.
A new outreach to the children of our area was begun by Carla Christenson (Friendship
Builders). Regular Monday evening visitation teams were formed and continue with an excited
group of people. In the early fall we issued a Call to Small Togetherness and now over 150 of
our people are meeting regularly in small nurture groups. The first Festival of Thanksgiving was
held and packed the church on a Sunday evening for the first time since I've been here. Mrs.
Martin began a leadership training series for some of our Lao men and eight of them gave
testimonies in English and Lao at the Christmas dinner where some of our S.S. classes
served 300 Laotians and Hmong. We began a class called "Starting Over" as a place for new
believers to get their feet on solid ground (or for old timers to get a refresher). And finally, 118
people were added to the membership, 71 by baptism. The Lord has been good. It's no small
thing for a downtown church to experience that kind of vitality when she is 110 years old. My
heart is full, I praise the Lord.

    But forgetting these things which lie behind we must press on. The harvest time that I am
praying for is something different than what we have experienced. Except for the 61 Laotians, I
don't know of any of the 118 new members of last year who was converted to Christ through
our ministry. That means that virtually no Americans were brought to Christ and folded into the
fellowship through our witness last year. This was not an aberration. There is a symptomatic
pattern both at Bethlehem and in our Baptist General Conference. The growth of our
Conference skidded to a dramatic stop in 1980 and for the first time in 37 years went
backwards. Here at Bethlehem from 1935 to 1945 the church grew from 900 to 1200
members. But since 1945 the membership has decreased until it reached its lowest point in
50 years in 1979, at about 750 members. The main reason of course for the drop is that in the
last 45 years the movement of the people has been away from downtown toward the suburbs.
Almost all center city churches experienced the same thing.

    But you know as well as I do that beneath all the sociological explanations there is another
one which could so easily remain hidden after a year of growth like 1981. And the reason is
this: we are not winning unbelievers to faith in Christ. People are not being saved and brought
into the family of the redeemed. That's the harvest I'm talking about when I say, Might 1982 be
harvest time at Bethlehem? Might this be the year when something breaks loose inside of us
that sends us out with power like Jesus "to seek and to save the lost" (Luke 19:10)? I don't
know if this is the year. As your pastor, I may yet not be broken enough, yielded enough,
loving enough. Maybe we will have to wait till 1983. But maybe not. I have a feeling -- and I
think it is from the Lord -- that something new is going to happen in '82. It is not for nothing
that the Lord has given me this burden. It is not for nothing that he is overcoming some of my
own fears (which I will tell you about next week). There are signs around us that something is
in the offing: the persistent and contagious joy experienced by our outreach teams on Monday
night, the burden to have power in personal witness which many of you feel, the spreading
hunger for fervent and extended prayer, and all the little and precious victories which surely
presage some great work of God. There are signs that this may be the beginning of a great
harvest like we have not seen for many years. I don't know. God is free in his dispensations of
mercy. But this I do know: that before God enables his people to bring in a harvest he pours
out a Spirit of prayer upon them. The surest sign that God is about to send power upon us is a
great movement of prayer in our midst. That's what I want to talk about today: "Prayer at
Harvest Time -- Now."

    The text of the morning, Matthew 9:35-38 describes a situation similar to ours. It also tells
us how Jesus responds to that situation. All I want to do is lead you this week in obeying the
command of our Master given in the text.

    First of all, there is a need which Jesus finds, a privation among the people. Verse 36:

"When he saw the crowds he had compassion for them, because they were harassed and
helpless like sheep without a shepherd."

People without Christ are like sheep without a shepherd. They will soon run out of pasture and
starve, or they will get lost or caught in some thicket and die. And in the meantime they are
harassed, wearied and helpless. Now the unbelievers you know may not seem to fit that
description. But if you see them with the eyes of Christ and are not misled by the shell of self-
assurance, you will recognize sheep who desperately need a shepherd.

    In Minnesota, about 60% of the population claims affiliation with a church. Eighty percent of
those are Lutheran or Catholic. The other 20% are various denominations including 1%
Baptists. Even if we assume that the entire 60% who claim church affiliation are committed to
Christ (which is a very unwarranted assumption), a full 40% of our fellow citizens make no
pretense of affiliation with a church. And that probably means they are also without Christ who
always moves his people into fellowship. There is the need: these people, no matter how good
or bad, are not saved. They cannot know ultimate meaning in life, they cannot have a purified,
clean conscience before God, and without Christ they have no hope of eternal life. "He looked
on the people and they were like sheep without a shepherd."

    Second, notice in verse 36 that Jesus had compassion on them. The word means literally
to be moved in one's stomach with pity. Do you remember the last time you felt real strong
pity? I remember visiting a missionary friend in Paris in 1978 whose little four-year-old
daughter had pulled boiling cooking oil onto herself. She was isolated in a sterile room, naked.
And for weeks her parents were only allowed to look at her through a window. I felt
tremendous pity while I watched her mother show her pictures through the window and the
tears roll down her face. If the pain and oozing flesh wasn't bad enough, the separation was
almost unbearable. And I have asked myself and tested myself: do I feel that pity for my
unbelieving neighbors, colleagues, classmates? Ah, there's our need. Our need is to feel
compassion because of their need. Our need is to care and love like Jesus did. He was so
much a man for others! We need to be honest and admit that compassion does not come
natural to us. It is a work of grace in our hearts and for that reason the product not of works,
but of prayer. "He saw the crowds and had compassion for them."

    Third, notice that Jesus saw an amazing potential. Not just a privation found and a
compassion felt, but now a potential seen. Verse 37: "then he said to his disciples, 'the
harvest is plentiful.'" The metaphor changes. Unbelievers are not only like sheep who are in
trouble. They are also like wheat that can be harvested. There is not only privation. There is
potential salvation. And if we need the eyes of Christ to see the lostness of people and the
compassion of Christ to feel pity for people, then we need just as much the expectancy and
hopefulness of Christ that anticipates harvest time. Do you look upon your neighbors and
colleagues and classmates and associates with the lively sense that here is a potential saint.
It has probably been so long since the Lord has used most of us to lead a person from
unbelief to faith, that we really wonder if there is any potential left. We still know from
Scripture that there is terrible privation; we still feel some compassion when we let ourselves
think about it, but potential? We wonder. Could it ever be harvest time in my life after so many
years of fruitlessness? The answer to that question is resounding, Yes!

    When Jesus said that it is hard for rich people to enter the Kingdom, the disciples
responded, "Then who can be saved?" Jesus seemed to take away all potential for harvest.
But actually, what he was doing was laying a new basis for potential. He answers, "'What is
impossible with men is possible with God" (Luke 18:24-27). If there is going to be harvest time
at Bethlehem it will not be because there are so many competent communicators. The
harvest we want is impossible with men. New birth is a miracle. Our goal isn't a big church or
fancy statistical charts. Our goal is to see God do the impossible through failures like us. That
is the way it has happened in history and that is how it will happen again. In God's time, he
will perform the miracle of harvest and it will be marvelous in our eyes. "You shall receive
power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and (then!) you shall be my witnesses

    That leads us to the fourth and final observation. Not only did Jesus find a privation among
the people, and feel compassion and see a potential harvest, he also commanded us to pray
it in. "The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few, therefore pray the Lord of the harvest to
send out laborers into his harvest" (verse 38). The strangeness of this command points to
something very important. It is strange that the farm hands should be told to beg the owner of
the farm to send out more workers into his harvest. Surely Jesus doesn't mean to imply that
God doesn't know there is a shortage of reapers! And surely he doesn't mean that God doesn't
care whether the harvest comes in! Why then are the farm hands told to beg the farmer to get
more help?

    There is only one possible answer. God has willed that his miraculous work of harvesting
be preceded by prayer. He loves to bless the world. But even more, he loves to bless the
world in answer to prayer. It is God' s way before he does a great work to pour a Spirit of
supplication upon his people so that they plead for the work. Therefore, the sign that God is
going to bring in the harvest at Bethlehem will be a widespread movement of prayer among
you people. If in response to this message there is no new movement to pray then I will not be
encouraged to expect 1982 to be the year of harvest. I would press on to labor in the word and
hope that perhaps after another year of humbling me and purifying me, God might be pleased
to answer my prayer. But if in his sovereign kindness, he pours out upon you the Spirit of
compassion and supplication and there is a great movement of prayer, then I would begin to
count the days till harvest begins.

    In summary then the text teaches us these four things: First, there is a great need in
Minnesota just as there was in Palestine -- people without faith in Christ are like sheep
without a shepherd, no matter how goal-oriented and self-assured they seem. Second, we
have need of compassion for these people. We need to feel pity for them, pity that makes us
earnest and solicitous for their eternal welfare. Third, we need to see the potential of
conversion. We must look not to our failures and incompetencies. The harvest we want is, in
any case, impossible with men. The potential all lies with God. "What is impossible with men
is possible with God." With God, helpless sheep become a plentiful harvest. Fourth, therefore,
we must pray to the Lord of the harvest. See the privation of men with the compassion of
Jesus; and it turns into a potential harvest to be reaped by prayer.

    Today through next Saturday is a week of concerted prayer across our Conference. We are
a needy people. There is power at our disposal in prayer that we have only begun to tap. I am
praying that all the members of our church apply themselves to prayer this week as you did
when your best-beloved was lying ill. There are three invitations I would like to give. Don't say
no to any of them until you have asked Christ what he wants you to do. First, I urge every
member to fast for one meal a day all week and pray -hour a day about harvest time at
Bethlehem, for your own heart (that it sense the need, feel the compassion, see the potential
and stay fervent in prayer), for your brothers and sisters the same, for the crucial service next
Sunday morning, for persons you know outside Christ, and for our conference needs as you
see them listed on the back of the prayer week folder. The reason I call for fasting is because
Jesus taught us to fast in Matthew 6:16-18 and because saints from OT times through all of
church history have sought the Lord with prayer and fasting in times of desperate need.
Fasting strengthens your faith by certifying through pain that you really care. Fasting says to
God: I want the answer to my prayer more than I want food. I want you more than comfort. I
hunger, O God, to be aflame with righteousness and love. If you have never fasted before
perhaps the Lord is saying, this is the week. Join us in fasting one meal a day and devoting
-hour in prayer for harvest time at Bethlehem.

    Second, Glenn Ogren or I are going to be in the Conference room from 12:00 - 1:00 every
afternoon this week to pray with any who can come for the hour or just 10 minutes. Consider
before the Lord whether the effort to join us there one day or everyday would be your way of
saying, Do it God. O do it at Bethlehem.

    Third, we are going to devote the full hour Wednesday night to prayer and I want to ask
something very special. Those of you who do not usually come on Wednesday night, would
you make an exception this one week. I know that many of you have compelling reasons for
not coming on Wednesday evening. But I am asking that just this once, at the beginning of
1982, we gather in a great number to seek the Lord. If we humble ourselves before the Lord in
this way he will do a mighty work through us in 1982.

    Those are my three petitions to you as your pastor. 1) Fast one day and pray -hour for
harvest time at Bethlehem and your place in it. 2) Come pray at noon in the conference room
on any day this week when you are free, including Saturday. 3) Come pray for one hour on
Wednesday at 7:15. I will be praying for you as you consider the priority of prayer.

    I will close with a record of something God did 130 years ago in New York City. It illustrates
how God has started every harvest time in history, through the concerted prayer of his people.
Toward the middle of the last century the glow of earlier religious awakenings had faded.
America was prosperous and felt little need to call on God. But in the 1850s

        Secular and religious conditions combined to bring about a crash. The third great panic
in American history swept the giddy structure of speculative wealth away. Thousands of
merchants were forced to the wall as banks failed, and railroads went into bankruptcy.
Factories were shut down and vast numbers thrown out of employment. New York City alone
having 30,000 idle men. In October 1857, the hearts of people were thoroughly weaned from
speculation and uncertain gain, while hunger and despair stared them in the face.

        On 1st July, 1857, a quiet and zealous business man named Jeremiah Lanphier took up
an appointment as a City Missionary in down-town New York. Lanphier was appointed by the
North Church of the Dutch Reformed denomination. This church was suffering from depletion of
membership due to the removal of the population from the down-town to the better residential
quarters, and the new City Missionary was engaged to make diligent visitation in the
immediate neighbourhood with a view to enlisting church attendance among the floating
population of the lower city. The Dutch Consistory felt that it had appointed an ideal layman for
the task in hand, and so it was.

        Burdened so by the need, Jeremiah Lanphier decided to invite others to join him in a
noonday prayer-meeting, to be held on Wednesdays once a week. He therefore distributed a


            As often as the language of prayer is in my heart; as often as I see my need of help;
as often as I feel the power of temptation; as often as I am made sensible of any spiritual
declension or feel the aggression of a worldly spirit.

            In prayer we leave the business of time for that of eternity, and intercourse with men
for intercourse with God.

            A day Prayer Meeting is held every Wednesday, from 12 to 1 o'clock, in the
Consistory building in the rear of the North Dutch Church, corner of Fulton and William Streets
(entrance from Fulton and Ann Streets).

            This meeting is intended to give merchants, mechanics, clerks, strangers, and
business men generally an opportunity to stop and call upon God amid the perplexities
incident to their respective avocations. It will continue for one hour; but it is also designed for
those who may find it inconvenient to remain more than five or ten minutes, as well as for
those who can spare the whole hour.

        Accordingly at twelve noon, 23rd September, 1857 the door was opened and the faithful
Lanphier took his seat to await the response to his invitation . Five minutes went by. No one
appeared. The missionary paced the room in a conflict of fear and faith. Ten minutes elapsed.
Still no one came. Fifteen minutes passed. Lanphier was yet alone. Twenty minutes; twenty-
five; thirty; and then at 12.30 p.m., a step was heard on the stairs, and the first person
appeared, then another, and another, and another, until six people were present and the
prayer meeting began. On the following Wednesday, October 7th, there were forty

        Thus in the first week of October 1857, it was decided to hold a meeting daily instead of
weekly .

        Within six months, ten thousand business men were gathering daily for prayer in New
York, and within two years, a million converts were added to the American churches .

        Undoubtedly the greatest revival in New York's colourful history was sweeping the city,
and it was of such an order to make the whole nation curious. There was no fanaticism, no
hysteria, simply an incredible movement of the people to pray.

        (From J. Edwin Orr, The Light of the Nations pp. 103-105)

    Is there a Jeremiah Lanphier among you?