Dr. John Piper
Desiring God
"God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him"
John Piper
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July 27, 1980 (Morning)
Bethlehem Baptist Church
John Piper, Pastor

(Isaiah 43:1-7)

If there is a God, as I believe there is, and if He rules the world in His sovereignty, as the
Bible says He does, and if He will bring human history to a close according to His plan and
appoint to every person his eternal destiny, as Jesus taught that He will, then two of the
most important questions for any human being to answer are these:

1) What is God's goal in creating and governing the world?

2) How can I bring my life into alignment with that goal?

For if we don't know His goal and our lives are not in alignment with it, then we will find
ourselves at cross purposes with God and excluded from His Kingdom in the age to come.
It is a fearful thing to be at cross purposes with your maker! But on the other hand, nothing
inspires courage and endurance and pluck for daily living like knowing the purpose of God
and feeling yourself wholeheartedly in harmony with it. Nothing has nourished the strength
of my Christian faith like knowing God's ultimate goal for creation and discovering how to
bring my heart and my behavior into alignment with that goal.

So this Sunday and next Sunday I want to talk about these two questions. First, what is
God's goal in creating and governing the world, especially in creating and overruling
humanity? Then next Sunday, How do we bring our lives into harmony with that goal?

The text I have chosen to focus on is Isaiah 43:1-7. Let's read it in context:

But now, thus says the Lord, your creator, O Jacob, and He who formed you, O Israel,
"Do not fear, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name; you are Mine! When
you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they will not
overflow you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched, nor will the flame
burn you. For I am the Lord your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior; I have given
Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in your place. Since you are precious in My sight,
since you are honored and I love you, I will give other men in your place and other
peoples in exchange for your life. Do not fear, for I am with you; I will bring your offspring
from the east, and gather you from the west. I will say to the north, 'Give them up!' and to
the south, 'Do not hold them back.' Bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the
ends of the earth, everyone who is called by My name, and whom I have created for My
glory, whom I have formed even whom I have made" (NASB)

The main point of the passage is to encourage God's people not to fear what man or nature
can do to them. This is the command repeated in verse 1 and verse 5. After each of these
commands not to fear God gives His reasons why His people should not fear. In verses 1-4
God argues like this: You should not fear because what I did for you in the past proves my
love to you and my care for you. "I redeemed you (from Egyptian bondage), I called you by
name, you are mine!" (v. 1). So you can count on Me to help you when deep waters and
raging fire threaten to destroy you (v.2). "I am the Lord your God, your Savior, you are
precious to me." Look, have I not subjugated other peoples in order to save you! (vv.3,4). So
don't be afraid of the trouble coming upon you. That is the first argument why God's people
should not fear.

Then verse 5 repeats the command, "Don't fear" and gives a new argument in verses 5-7. "I
am with you! The judgment of being dispersed into captivity away from your land -- this is
not my final word. I will gather you again. For you are called by my name, I created you for
my glory."

What is it that at rock bottom moves God to help His people? Verse four says, "You are
precious in my eyes ... I love you." Is that the answer? In a sense, yes. When John said,
"God is love," he no doubt meant that no matter how deep we probe into the motives of
God, we will never arrive at a layer which is not love.

But this text lures me down, down, down into the heart of God. It raises a question. In order
for Israel (God's chosen people of that era) to be precious in God's sight, they had to exist.
I have three sons and they are precious to me and I love them. But they were not precious
to me and I did not love them in 1970; they did not yet exist, they had not been planned nor
conceived. So the deeper question is, Why was Israel even conceived or created? Why did
God bring into existence a people whom He could regard as precious? What was His
motive before there was even a people to love?

Verse 7 gives the answer: "God created Israel for His glory." The existence of Israel was
planned and conceived and achieved because God wanted to get glory for His name
through her. Before we ask just what it is for God to seek His own glory in this way, let's
see if this goal of God has motivated more than just the election of the nation Israel.

In one sense we can speak of the Exodus out of Egypt as the birth of Israel as a nation. At
this point God gave her the law to regulate her life as a nation and this law and covenant
have been the backbone of the nation ever since. But if the exodus was the birth of Israel,
then the election and call of Abraham back in Genesis 12 must have been the conception
of the nation of Israel, and the period of the patriarchs and slavery in Egypt would then have
been the gestation period. So when it says "God created Israel for His glory" I take it to
mean that the purpose of God to be glorified in Israel was the purpose which motivated God
at every step: conception, gestation, and birth.

If this is true then we are put onto an interesting link between the story of the tower of
Babel in Genesis 11 and the call of Abram in Genesis 12, which will, I think, show us that
God's goal of glorifying Himself did not originate at the creation of Israel but that this is what
He was up to from the beginning.

Look at Genesis 11. The key phrase to show what caused God to become angry with
these tower builders and disperse them comes in verse 4. "They said, 'Come, let us build
ourselves a city, and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for
ourselves...'" Ever since Adam and Eve had chosen to eat of the forbidden tree in order to
be like God, independent of Him and wise in their own right, the human race has been
enslaved to a rebellious heart that hates to rely on God but loves to make a name for itself.
The tower of Babel was a manifestation of that rebellion. They wanted to make a name for
themselves and reach even to heaven but God frustrated their designs.

But instead of abandoning the human race God starts a new thing in chapter 12 of
Genesis. He chooses one man, Abram, and makes him a promise in Genesis 12:1-3.
Listen to what God says and contrast it with what the tower builders said:

Now the Lord said to Abram: "Go from your country and your kindred and your father's
house, to the land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will
bless you, and make your name great."

The people working on the tower of Babel said, "Let us make a name for ourselves!". God
chooses the father of the Jewish nation and says, "I will make your name great."

Now, what does this show about the goal of God in the world? I think Moses is telling us,
as he writes this primal history, that when ancient man refused to align himself with the
goal of God, God set about a very different way of achieving that same goal. Man was made
to rely on God and give Him glory. Instead man chose to rely on himself and seek his own
glory -- to make a name for himself. So God elected one small person and promised to
achieve His purpose through that man and his descendents. He would make Abram's name
great, so that He and not man would get the glory.

In other words, the goal of God in creating Israel, namely, for His glory, is not a goal that
took effect only at that point in history. It is the goal that guided His creation and
governance of man from the start. Man was created from the beginning in God's image that
he might image forth God's glory. He was to multiply and fill the earth so that the
knowledge of the glory of God would cover the sea. And ever since the fall of man into sin,
people have refused to align themselves with this divine goal. But all God's acts have been
aimed at seeing it through.

So it is not just Israel but we whom God created for His glory. This is why the New
Testament again and again calls us to do all to the glory of God. "Whether you eat or drink
or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God" (1 Cor. 10:31). "Let your light so shine
among men that they may see your good deeds and give glory to your Father in heaven"
(Mt. 5:16). This is not an admonition to do God a favor. It is a command to align our lives
with His eternal goal. He created us for His glory. God's great aim in creating and governing
the world is that He be glorified. "I created you for my glory. I formed you, I made you."

Now, what then does it mean to say that God created us for His glory? Glory is a very hard
thing to define. It is like the word "Beauty." We all can use it and communicate with it but
to try to reduce it to words is very frustrating. It is easier to point to examples. A sunset
seen from the top of the I.D.S. - that's glory. Or the I.D.S. itself almost invisible, like crystal
against a grey-blue sky - that's glory. A perfect performance on the balance beam by Nadia
Comaneci - that's glory. A perfectly executed 30-foot jump shot with one second to go -
that's glory, too.

The glory of God is the beauty and excellence of His manifold perfections. It is an attempt
to put into words what God is like in His magnificence and purity. It refers to His infinite and
overflowing fulness of all that is good. The term might focus on His different attributes from
time to time - like His power, and wisdom and mercy and justice - because each one is
indeed awesome and beautiful in its magnitude and quality. But in general God's glory is
the perfect harmony of all His attributes into one infinitely beautiful and personal being.

Now when God says that He created us for His glory, it cannot mean that He created us so
that He would become more glorious, that His beauty and perfection would be somehow
increased by us. It is unthinkable that God should become more perfectly God by making
something that is not God. It is a staggering but necessary thought that God has always
existed, that He never came into being, and that everything which exists which is not God
is from His fulness and can never add anything to Him which did not come from Him. That
is what it means to be God; and it should humble us, O, how it should humble us, when we
ponder His reality!

But this means that when God says, He made us for His glory, He does not mean He
made us so that He could become more glorious in Himself. Instead what Isaiah 43:7
means is that He created us to display His glory, that is, glory might be known and
praised. This is the goal of God that we must be aligned within our hearts and actions if we
hope to escape His wrath at the judgment.

This comes clearer as we page through Isaiah. Isaiah 43:20-21 says, "I give water in the
wilderness, rivers in the desert to give drink to my chosen people, the people whom I
formed for myself that they might declare my praise." Isaiah 44:23 says, "Sing, O heavens
for the Lord has done it; shout, O depths of the earth; break forth into singing, O
mountains, O forest and every tree in it! For the Lord has redeemed Jacob and will be
glorified in Israel." In response to her redemption Israel will join the skies and valleys and
mountains and forests in singing praise to the Lord. The Lord's glory will be known and
praised and displayed to the nations.

But Isaiah 48:9-11 makes even clearer what it means for God to seek His own glory in
creating and redeeming His people:

For My name's sake I defer my anger,
for the sake of My praise I restrain it for you,
that I may not cut you off.
Behold, I have refined you but not like silver;
I have tried you in the furnace of affliction.
For My own sake, for My own sake I do it,
for how should My name be profaned?
My glory I will not give to another.

What an amazing text this is! How wonderfully unmodern and anti-20th-century this text is!
How ugly and repulsive it must appear to the god of this age, the prince of the power of the
air. But how sweet, how clean and high and bright and full of allurement to those who really
love God above all else.

Even though this text deals with God's Old Testament people Israel, we have seen that His
motives do not change from era to era and so we can apply at least that aspect of this text
to the people of God in our day - those who follow Christ as Savior and Lord. Two things cry
out to be stressed in our day. First, our salvation is for God's sake. "For My name's sake I
withhold my anger. For the sake of My praise I restrain it for you." To be sure, God will save
His people, He will bless us infinitely!! But it is for His name's sake, for His praise, for His
glory that He does it. "For My own sake, for My own sake I do it, for how should My name
be profaned." Where this perspective is lost, and the magnifying of God's glory is no longer
seen as the great aim of redemption, pitiful substitutes arise -- man centered philosophies
that exalt human value in a way that distorts the work of redemption and belittles the
primacy of God. And surely I don't have to tell you in detail that this perspective of God-
centeredness has been lost in our day, even in the churches. Man is the star in our
contemporary drama and his comfort, his prosperity and his health are the great goals. Of
course God is there on the stage, but only as a kind of co-star or supporting actor to round
out the picture for religious and cultural expectations.

What a world apart is Isaiah 48:9-11 and even more so Ezekiel 36:21-32. Parts of this text
are very familiar promises of the new covenant, but O, how we need to read what comes
before and after these promises, lest we lose the Biblical perspective of our salvation.

But I had concern for My holy name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the
nations where they went. Therefore, say to the house of Israel, "Thus says the Lord God,
'It is not for your sake, O house of Israel, that I am about to act, but for My holy name,
which you have profaned among the nations where you went. And I will vindicate the
holiness of My great name which has been profaned among the nations, which you have
profaned in their midst. Then the nations will know that I am the Lord," declares the Lord
God, "when I prove Myself holy among you in their sight. For I will take you from the
nations and gather you from all the lands, and bring you into your own land. Then I will
sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your
filthiness, and from all your idols. Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new
spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart
of flesh. And I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you
will be careful to observe My ordinances. And you will live in the land that I gave to your
forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your God. Moreover, I will save you
from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a
famine on you. And I will multiply the fruit of the tree and the produce of the field, that
you may not receive again the disgrace of famine among the nations. Then you will
remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good, and you will loathe
yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and your abominations. I am not doing this
for your sake," declares the Lord God, "Let it be known to you. Be ashamed and
confounded for your ways, O house of Israel!" (NASB)

That's the first thing that needs to be stressed from Isaiah 48:9-11: our salvation is for
God's sake. He created us for His glory!

The second thing that needs to be stressed is this: God will not allow His name to be
profaned indefinitely. Though He is slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, He will
not tolerate forever those who do not give Him glory, but instead regard something else as
more glorious, more worthy of allegiance. "My glory I will not give to another." That's why I
said at the beginning, it is a fearful thing to be at cross purposes with your maker. There is
a judgment day and the issue for everyone of us will be: Have we been with God in His
great goal to glorify Himself or has His glory been a matter of indifference to us or even

We are left with two great questions, which I am to answer next Sunday, if God wills. One
is: How do we bring our lives into alignment with God's goal to glorify Himself? What sorts
of things must we think and feel and do for God to get glory from us? Is it another weight to
make us sigh or is it wings to let us fly? And the second question is: Why is it right for God
to seek His own glory when He tells us in His word we should not seek our own glory? How
can it be loving and not selfish for God to create us for His glory?

But even before next week when I try to answer these two questions all of us here need to
align ourselves more fully with God's goal. And my assumption is that some are here who
up until this very point in your life have lived it at cross purposes with God. I urge you, do
not wait until next Sunday to be reconciled to God. Repent and give your life to God for His
purposes now. Any help that I can be in that decision, let me know.